Named: Washington, DC (District of Columbia) after George Washington and Christopher Columbus.
Designed: by Pierre Charles L’Enfant
Federal District: Washington DC is not a state. It is a federal district created specifically to be the seat of government.
Area: 68.25 square miles
Elevation: 23 feet
Major Rivers: Potomac, Anacostia
Bordering States: Maryland and Virginia
Parkland: Approximately 19.4 percent of the city. Major parks include Rock Creek Park, C & O Canal National Historical Park, National Mall and Anacostia Park. Read more about DC parks
Avg. Daily Temp.: January 34.6° F; July 80.0° F
Time: Eastern Standard Time
See a map
Washington, DC Demographics
City Population: 601,723 (estimated 2010) Metro Area: Approximately 5.3 million
Racial Breakdown: (2010) White 38.5%, Black 50.7%, American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%, Asian 3.5%, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. 1%, Hispanic or Latino 9.1%
Median Family Income: (within city limits) 58,906 (2009)
Foreign Born Persons: 12.5% (2005-2009)
Persons with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher: (age 25+) 47.1% (2005-2009)
Read more about DC area demographics
Public Schools: 167
Charter Schools: 60
Private Schools: 83
Colleges & Universities: 9
Read more about DC area education
Roman Catholic: 132
Major Industries: Tourism generates more than $5.5 billion in visitor spending.
Other Important Industries: Trade associations, law, higher education, medicine/medical research, government-related research, publishing and international finance.
Major Corporations: Marriott International, AMTRAK, AOL Time Warner, Gannett News, Exxon Mobil, Sprint Nextel and the International Monetary Fund.
For more information about the local government, read DC Government 101
Washington DC Symbols
Bird: Wood Thrush
Flower: American Beauty Rose
Song: The Star-Spangled Banner
Tree: Scarlet Oak
Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice to all)
See also, Washington, DC Frequently Asked Questions