Williamsburg History and RestorationFrom 1699 to 1780 Williamsburg, Virginia was the capital of England’s wealthiest and largest colony. In 1780, Thomas Jefferson moved Virginia’s government to Richmond and Williamsburg became a quiet country town. In 1926, John D. Rockefeller Jr. supported and financed Williamsburg’s restoration and continued to do so until his death in 1960. Today, the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, a private, not-for-profit educational institution preserves and interprets the Historic Area.
Williamsburg Historic AreaThe Historic Area of Colonial Williamsburg includes 88 original 18th-century structures and hundreds of houses, shops and public outbuildings that have been reconstructed on their original foundations.
Important Historic Area Sites:
- Governor's Palace - the symbol of British authority in the colony
- Capitol - the seat of colonial power and site of Virginia's vote for independence May 15, 1776
- Peyton Randolph site - where historic trades carpenters are reconstructing Randolph's "urban plantation"
- Raleigh Tavern - where Virginia patriots met to discuss independence in open defiance of the Crown
- George Wythe House - home of Thomas Jefferson's teacher and friend
- James Geddy House and Foundry - site of an up-and-coming family business
- Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum - 18 galleries are filled with paintings, embroideries, whirligigs, weathervanes, toys, dating from the 1720s to the present.
- DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum - collection of English and American antiques, including, furniture, silver, textiles, ceramics and more.
Williamsburg Historic Trades and DemonstrationsAt Colonial Williamsburg you can watch historic trade demonstrations and dramatic vignettes and participate in interactive programs with “People of the Past.” Tradesmen and women are professional, full-time artisans dedicated to specific trades, such as brickmaking, culinary, carpentry, apothecary, gunsmith and saddlery. Homes, public buildings and shops in the Historic Area are furnished with objects from Colonial Williamsburg’s extensive collection of English and American antiques and reproductions made by Colonial Williamsburg tradespeople.
Walking Tours and Special ProgramsTours, evening programs and special events change daily at Colonial Williamsburg. To truly experience the Historic Area, plan to take a themed walking tour or participate in live comedy, theatre, and musical performances. Check out the calendar here. Some programs are an additional charge and require advance reservations. The holiday season offers wonderful programs for the whole family. See this guide to Christmas in Colonial Williamsburg.
Colonial Williamsburg Operating HoursHours are generally 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. but vary by season. Colonial Williamsburg’s buildings and grounds are open seven days a week, 365 days a year.
TicketsTickets are required to enter the historic buildings and attend special programs. Single-day and multiple-day passes are available. You may wander the streets of the historic district, eat in the taverns and visit the shops without a ticket. For more information or reservations, call toll-free 1-800-HISTORY or visit Colonial Williamsburg’s website.
Williamsburg Visiting Tips
- Plan to stay at least two days in Colonial Williamsburg. Add additional days to visit Busch Gardens, Water Country USA, Jamestown Settlement and Yorktown Victory Center. Learn more about these attractions on page 2.
- Upon arrival, stop at the Visitor Center to purchase tickets, gather information and watch the 30-minute orientation film.
- Leave your car in the Visitor Center Parking Lot and use the free shuttle to get around the Historic Area
- Make reservations prior to arrival for evening programs and dinners in the Colonial Taverns.
- Be sure to bring and wear comfortable shoes. Cars are not allowed in the Historic Area, so expect to do a lot of walking.
- Visit Colonial Williamsburg's 100 gardens covering 90 acres and including flower, kitchen, and ornamental gardens in addition to the Colonial Nursery.